Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Going Concern

Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As reflected in the accompanying financial statements, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company incurred a net loss of $2,089,273 and used cash in operating activities of $518,436, and at June 30, 2019, the Company had a had a working capital deficiency of $236,586. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date that the financial statements are issued. In addition, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, in its report on the Company’s December 31, 2018 financial statements, has expressed substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

At June 30, 2019, the Company had cash on hand in the amount of $29,100. Subsequent to the June 30, 2019 the Company received $340,000 for subscriptions for shares of common stock to be issued in a private placement. Management estimates that the current funds on hand will be sufficient to continue operations through the next six months. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon improving its profitability and the continuing financial support from its shareholders. Management believes the existing shareholders or external financing will provide the additional cash to meet the Company’s obligations as they become due. No assurance can be given that any future financing, if needed, will be available or, if available, that it will be on terms that are satisfactory to the Company. Even if the Company is able to obtain additional financing, if needed, it may contain undue restrictions on its operations, in the case of debt financing, or cause substantial dilution for its stockholders, in the case of equity financing

Basis of Presentation

Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods have been included. The results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2019. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet information as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the Company’s audited Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KT filed with the SEC on April 16, 2019. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with that report.

  

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Quanta Inc, and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Bioanomaly, Inc. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant accounting estimates include certain assumptions related to, among others, impairment analysis of long-term assets, valuation allowance on deferred income taxes, assumptions used in valuing stock instruments issued for services, and the accrual of potential liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Revenue

Revenue

 

The Company follows the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contracts, which includes (1) identifying the contracts or agreements with a customer, (2) identifying our performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the services it transfers to its clients.

 

The Company’s revenue primarily consists of revenue from sales of its CBD products. Generally, the Company’s performance obligations are transferred to the customer at a point in time, typically upon delivery of products. The Company offers no discounts, rebates, rights of return, or other allowances to clients which would result in the establishment of reserves against service revenue. Additionally, to date, the Company has not incurred incremental costs in obtaining a client contract. Cost of revenue includes direct costs and fees related to the sale of our products.

 

The Company also recognizes revenue from an exclusive distribution agreement. The Company’s revenue from the exclusive distribution agreement is considered revenue from a symbolic intellectual property (IP) and is recognized over the term of the agreement.

Leases

Leases

 

Prior to January 1, 2019, the Company accounted for leases under ASC 840, Accounting for Leases . Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842, Leases, which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The implementation of ASC 842 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and did not have a significant impact on our liquidity or on our compliance with our financial covenants associated with our loans. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach. As a result, the comparative financial information has not been updated and the required disclosures prior to the date of adoption have not been updated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019 resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets of $409,620, lease liabilities for operating leases of $409,620, and a zero cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit. The Company elected to exclude from its balance sheets recognition of leases having a term of 12 months or less (“short-term leases”) and elected to not separate lease components and non-lease components for its long-term leases. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. See Note 3 for further information regarding the impact of the adoption of ASC 842 on the Company’s financial statements.

Share-Based Payments

Share-Based Payments

 

The Company issues stock options and warrants, shares of common stock, and equity interests as share-based compensation to employees and non-employees. The Company accounts for its share-based compensation to employees in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation . Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period.

 

In prior periods through December 31, 2018, the Company accounted for share-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 505-50, Equity - Based Payments to Non-Employees. Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued. The final fair value of the share-based payment transaction is determined at the performance completion date. For interim periods, the fair value is estimated, and the percentage of completion is applied to that estimate to determine the cumulative expense recorded.

 

In June 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The guidance was issued to simplify the accounting for share-based transactions by expanding the scope of Topic 718 from only being applicable to share-based payments to employees to also include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. As a result, nonemployee share-based transactions will be measured by estimating the fair value of the equity instruments at the grant date, taking into consideration the probability of satisfying performance conditions. The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 on January 1, 2019. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our financial statements for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2019 or the previously reported financial statements.

Net Loss Per Share

Net Loss per Share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share reflects the potential dilution, using the treasury stock method that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the loss of the Company. In computing diluted loss per share, the treasury stock method assumes that outstanding warrants and convertible notes are exercised and the proceeds are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. Warrants and convertible notes may have a dilutive effect under the treasury stock method only when the average market price of the common stock during the period exceeds the exercise price of the options and warrants.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the dilutive impact 7,000,000 unvested restricted shares of the Company’s common stock have been excluded because their impact on the loss per share is anti-dilutive. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the dilutive impact of notes payable convertible into 3,771,000 shares of the Company’s common stock have been excluded because their impact on the loss per share is anti-dilutive.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the authoritative guidance issued by the FASB for fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy was established, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value into three broad levels as follows:

 

Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs based on the Company’s assumptions.

  

The Company is required to use of observable market data if such data is available without undue cost and effort.

 

The Company believes the carrying amount reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, and notes payable, approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these financial instruments

Concentrations of Risks

Concentrations of risks

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, no customer accounted for 10% or more of revenue or accounts receivable at period-end.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, no vendor accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s cost of revenues, or accounts payable at period-end.

 

The Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with one financial institution, in the form of demand deposits, which may from time to time exceed the federally insured limit of $250,000. The Company believes that no significant concentration of credit risk exists with respect to its cash balances because of its assessment of the creditworthiness and financial viability of the financial institution.

Segments

Segments

 

The Company operates in one segment for the development and distribution of our CBD products. In accordance with the “Segment Reporting” Topic of the ASC, the Company’s chief operating decision maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer and President, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Existing guidance, which is based on a management approach to segment reporting, establishes requirements to report selected segment information quarterly and to report annually entity-wide disclosures about products and services, major customers, and the countries in which the entity holds material assets and reports revenue. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under “Segment Reporting” due to their similar customer base and similarities in economic characteristics; nature of products and services; and procurement, manufacturing and distribution processes. Since the Company operates in one segment, all financial information required by “Segment Reporting” can be found in the accompanying financial statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326), which replaces the incurred-loss impairment methodology and requires immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur for most financial assets, including trade receivables. Credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses will be recognized as allowances for credit losses limited to the amount by which fair value is below amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe the potential impact of the new guidance and related codification improvements will be material to its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.